Unlike Windows 7, Windows 10 (and 8.1 before it) comes with ‘Fast startup’ enabled on systems that will support it.
So what’s that then? When you choose the ‘Shut down’ option, what actually happens is that some core system files are written to disk in the state they are so as Windows 10 does not have to spend the time loading them from scratch the next time round.
Isn’t that like hibernate? Well, yes, it partially is!
So, on an out of the box Windows 10 system, in order to truly reload your Windows from scratch you must select ‘Restart’.
Is there another way? Always!
Go to Control Panel\All Control Panel Items\Power Options\System Settings and click on the ‘Change settings that are currently unavailable’ shield. This will now allow you to un-tick ‘Turn on fast startup’, ‘Save changes’ and your ‘Shut down’ option will truly shut down.
So you have been told to make a strong password for one (or all!) of your accounts, be it banking, ebay, Spotify, or anything else.
What is a strong password?
Advice varies, but a good start has to be what HM Government’s Cyber Aware website has to say. See this short video:
We would also like to see at least two capital letters, numbers, and what is called a ‘special character’, e.g. # ! & $ *
Never use your name, relatives’ names, a pet’s name, or other personal information that might in fact be known by those close to you.
But won’t I just forget it straight away?!
How to remember strong passwords
There are some simple memory tricks and techniques that could help you if you’re struggling to remember your strong passwords. Just don’t write them down anywhere!
Loci method: imagine a familiar scene and place each item that needs to be remembered in a particular location i.e. red rose on the table, book on chair, poster on wall. Imagine yourself looking around the room in a specific sequence. Re-imagine the scene and the location of each item when you need to remember it.
Story methods: remember a sequence of key words by creating a story and including memorable details e.g. ‘the little girl wore a bright yellow hat as she walked down the narrow street…’.
This really only applies if you are using a cloud based VoIP telephony provider with VoIP phones on your desks and you are using a DrayTek firewall. You will need to make a backup of all your settings and have your current firmware file to hand in case you need to roll back.
Disable SIP ALG
Using telnet, log in to the DrayTek’s interface (PuTTY is a good free client if you need one) with your admin username and password.
Type in the following commands:
sys sip_alg 0 (and press ENTER)
sys commit (and press ENTER)
sys reboot (and press ENTER)
– this will reboot your DrayTek
Reducing the NAT session time
On busy networks it can help significantly to reduce the default NAT session time on TCP traffic from 24 hours (!!) to 10 minutes.
Again, using telnet (as above) type in the following command:
portmaptime -l (that is a lower-case L)
– this will show you the default of 86,400 seconds!
portmaptime -t 600
– this will change it to 600 seconds
– this will reboot the DrayTek